Expansive Learning, Third Spaces, and Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy
- Expansive Learning, Third Spaces, and Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy
- Authors and Corporations
- Year of Publication
- Type of Resource
- Add Tag
This resource is open access.
- In this paper, I argue that cultural-historical activity theory, especially in its expansive learning theory manifestation, offers a valuable lens for analyzing the transformation of the object and activity of schooling to align with a more culturally sustaining approach. First, I describe the foundations of expansive learning theory, including cultural-historical activity theory, Bateson’s (1972) levels of learning, and Bakhtin’s (1981) heteroglossia. Then, I trace the empirical development and evolution of expansive learning theory, focusing especially on the horizontal dimension of learning and expertise. Finally, I articulate how Kris Gutiérrez and colleagues’ (Gutiérrez, 2008; Gutiérrez, Baquedano-López, & Tejeda, 1999; Gutiérrez & Larson, 2007; Gutierrez, Rymes, & Larson, 1995) concept of the “third space,” which Paris (2012) offers as a forerunner of culturally sustaining pedagogy, offers an example of how expansive learning theory can be used to reconceptualize what counts as knowledge in schools.